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Bankinter Gestión de Activos: sustainable funds

Products that promote environmental and/or social characteristics.

Fund that promotes social criteria but does not pursue a specific sustainable investment objective.

The social or environmental characteristics which this fund promotes are evaluated through what is technically known as “ESG risk analysis”. The fund manager does not carry out this analysis internally but uses the services of specialised companies (“third-party analysis”). The ESG risk analysis conducted for the fund manager is based on information published by the issuers of the assets as well as other data which these specialised companies compile themselves. The end result of the analysis is usually expressed in the form of a global rating or “ESG rating” for each individual issuer. The fund manager takes these ratings into account to ensure that the portfolio does not exceed, on an aggregate basis, a pre-assigned maximum level of ESG risk and that it therefore achieves an appropriate level of compliance with the characteristics it promotes. For more information about this fund, please go to the following link.

Check the Pre-contractual Information for the Bankinter Premium Defensivo Fund, FI. Prospectus last updated: 10/05/2024.

Information on sustainability

See Summary Summary

Last update: 10/05/2024

This investment fund (hereinafter, the “Fund”) promotes environmental characteristics and is classified as an Article 8 of Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 financial product. However, it does not have a sustainable investment objective.

Nevertheless, although the Fund does not have a sustainable investment objective, it intends to make sustainable investments. The Fund's sustainable investments aim to further the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) outlined within the United Nations 2030 Agenda. An investment must make a net positive contribution to the 17 SDGs in order to qualify as a sustainable investment.

Within these investments, any potential damage caused must not be significant and must always be mitigated by the greater positive impact generated, in order to not significantly undermine any environmental or social sustainable investment goal, given that the Fund requires all sustainable investments to make a net positive contribution to the sustainable goals being pursued.

Additionally, consideration of the Main Adverse Incidents indicators is taken into account throughout the entire investment process, in order to manage the key indicators for the Do No Significant Harm (DNSH) assessment.

Given that sustainable investments also undergo sustainability analyses using the “ESG rating” indicator, which applies environmental, social and governance criteria compatible with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, analyses will be performed on whether the invested companies comply with these guidelines.

By assessing the business practices of the companies in which it invests, the fund promotes environmental and social characteristics such as: carbon efficiency; properly managing how natural resources and water are consumed; limiting impact on biodiversity and land use; properly managing waste and toxic emissions; limiting the impact of pollution caused by non-recyclable packaging and materials; properly managing human resources in order to keep workplace risks under control and comply with employment rights; appropriately managing relationships with wider society and the company's impact on it, in order to prevent violations of fundamental rights; reducing potential damage caused by a lack of suitable health and safety measures in the products and services offered; suitable protection for keeping customer data private and secure; and monitoring these protection systems within its supply chains.

To ensure compliance with the environmental characteristics promoted by the Fund, the initial step in the investment strategy involves applying the Fund Manager's exclusion policy, which excludes corporates with high exposure to economic activities that have a significantly negative environmental or social impact, or that violate fundamental human or labour rights.

The management team takes the good governance practices of the corporates in which it invests into account, via the indicator used (ASG Rating) for selecting investments.

When considering the planned investment ratio for the portfolio, at least 60% of the assets are established for investments that promote environmental characteristics, and a minimum of 20% of its assets are specified for sustainable investments.

The ESG rating indicator, which must meet the minimum required value both for each individual asset and at an overall level for the entire portfolio, is used for monitoring the environmental and social characteristics promoted by the Fund.

The Fund uses methods that have been specifically developed both for measuring compliance with environmental characteristics, where the “ESG rating” indicator is used as a metric, and for assessing the sustainable investments based on their net positive contribution to the 17 SDGs.

In order to deploy these methods, the Fund Manager uses data from reputable suppliers. However, there may be constraints on the availability and quality of the non-financial information used for assessing the ESG Rating indicator and sustainable investments. The Fund Manager continuously analyses and monitors the results from these assessments in order mitigate these constraints.

The Fund Manager has a due diligence measure targeting the Fund's underlying assets, which involves continuously monitoring them and their compliance with the environmental characteristics promoted by the Fund.

The Fund Manager also has an Engagement Policy which contains processes focussing on active dialogue with issuers (“engagement”) and on voting on potential corporates in which to invest.

No specific benchmark index has been identified for establishing the Fund's environmental characteristics.

See No sustainable investment goal No sustainable investment goal

Last update: 10/05/2024

This financial product promotes environmental or social characteristics, but does not aim at sustainable investment.

However, the fund plans to make sustainable investments. The fund's sustainable investments set out to further all of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) outlined within the United Nations 2030 Agenda. There are 17 SDGs, including the following: 1) no poverty; 2) end hunger; 3) ensure health and well-being; 4) guarantee education; 5) achieve gender equality, 6) guarantee the availability and sustainable management of water; 7) guarantee access to affordable and sustainable energy; 8) promote economic growth and decent employment; 9) promote industry, innovation and infrastructure; 10) reduce inequalities; 11) achieve inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and communities; 12) guarantee sustainable consumption and production patterns; 13) take measures to combat climate change and its effects; 14) conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources; 15) sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and land degradation; 16) promote justice and peace through institutions and 17) contribute to the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development.

By making this type of sustainable investment, the fund aims to make a positive contribution to the SDGs. To identify these investments, the fund uses an indicator from an external provider, specialised in ESG analysis, with a methodology used to measure the contribution of companies to each of the 17 SDGs, based on their operations, products, services, policies and practices implemented to address these challenges. Based on the above, each company analysed has a positive or negative metric for each of the 17 goals. An investment must make a net positive contribution to the 17 SDGs in order to qualify as a sustainable investment.

To the extent that the fund requires that any sustainable investment make a net positive contribution to the sustainable goals, this means that the potential damage generated will not be significant, and will always be mitigated by the greater positive impact generated.

In addition to presenting a positive net contribution to the 17 SDGs, the fund's sustainable investments will comply with the "Do no significant harm" principle to other sustainability goals, which will be achieved through the combination of the following management actions:

  • The very requirement of a positive net contribution to the 17 SDGs, which implies that the potential harm generated to one or several SDGs will not be significant and will always be mitigated by the greater positive impact generated to other SDGs.
  • Controversy analysis, as ESG analysis providers refer to those events or situations in which a corporate's operations or products may have a negative impact in environmental, social or corporate governance terms. For all investments in the fund, the number and seriousness of the controversies detected will be continuously assessed, ensuring that no investment classified as “sustainable investment” may cause significant harm in ESG terms based on such controversies.
  • The requirement of a minimum ESG rating that helps to ensure that the fund's investments meet minimum standards in the management of environmental, social and corporate governance aspects, thereby eliminating the lowest-performing companies in the management of these factors and that, consequently, can cause significant damage to them.
  • The individual analysis of the quality of corporate governance of the investments made and the requirement that adequate standards are met in terms of ownership structure, management and control bodies, human resources management, accounting and fiscal transparency, as well as business ethics. These characteristics are assessed and rated within the breakdown of the ESG rating, and make it possible to set up an additional filter to ensure that the fund's intended sustainable investments comply with good governance practices.
  • The consideration of the Principal Adverse Impacts (PAIs) on sustainability factors.
  • The application of the Manager's exclusion policy, as detailed below, excludes any corporates with significant exposure to economic activities with a highly negative impact in environmental or social terms.

Consideration of the Principal Adverse Impact indicators is taken into account throughout the entire investment process, in order to manage the key indicators for the Do No Significant Harm (DNSH) assessment.

The management team will take account of the indicators listed in Table 1 and any of those listed in Tables 2 and 3 of Annex I to Delegated Regulation (EU) 2022/1288. The Do No Significant Harm principle is introduced into the investment classification process as “sustainable investments” or as “investments with other environmental or social characteristics”. The assessment of the Do No Significant Harm principle is part of the three pillars underpinning compliance with the regulatory definition of “sustainable investment”.

Given that sustainable investments also undergo sustainability analyses using the “ESG rating” indicator, which applies environmental, social and governance criteria compatible with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, the team analyses whether the invested companies comply with these guidelines.

See Environmental or social characteristics of the financial product Environmental or social characteristics of the financial product

Last update: 10/05/2024

By assessing the business practices of the companies in which it invests, the fund promotes environmental and social characteristics such as: carbon efficiency; properly managing how natural resources and water are consumed; limiting impact on biodiversity and land use; properly managing waste and toxic emissions; limiting the impact of pollution caused by non-recyclable packaging and materials; properly managing human resources in order to keep workplace risks under control and comply with employment rights; appropriately managing relationships with wider society and the company's impact on it, in order to prevent violations of fundamental rights; reducing potential damage caused by a lack of suitable health and safety measures in the products and services offered; suitable protection for keeping customer data private and secure; and monitoring these protection systems within its supply chains.

See Investment strategy Investment strategy

Last update: 10/05/2024

The manager implements a general exclusion policy to rule out corporates with significant exposure to economic activities with a highly negative environmental or social impact. These activities include the production of weapons of mass destruction, the production of weapons considered controversial due to their impact on the civilian population, the generation of electricity from highly polluting sources or the exploration and production of oil and gas in areas or using techniques with a high ecological impact. Also excluded are any corporates about which there is evidence that they do not respect the fundamental human rights defined by the United Nations or that do not comply with labour rights, as defined in the Conventions of the International Labour Organization.

At least 60% of the assets will have a rating equal to or higher than the minimum set out in the “Monitoring the environmental or social characteristics” section and, within this majority share of the portfolio, sustainable investments must make a positive net contribution to the 17 SDGs, which will account for at least 20% of the Fund's assets.

In addition to the ex-ante assessment, prior to the investment decision, the management team performs a continuous assessment of the portfolio to analyse its alignment with the promoted sustainable characteristics.

The management team considers the good governance practices at the invested companies, via the indicator used (ESG Rating) for selecting investments. Specifically, when assessing the good governance of corporates, ESG ratings include a specific section where aspects related to business ethics and the quality of corporate governance are taken into account. Here, various issues are assessed, such as the characteristics of the company's ownership structure, the operating characteristics and the composition of the control bodies, remuneration policies, accounting and fiscal transparency, the existence of control policies and mechanisms that effectively prevent actions in breach of business ethics as well as the existence of disputes related, for example, to cases of bribery, corruption, fraud, money laundering or anti-competitive practices.

See Investment ratio Investment ratio

Last update: 10/05/2024

Investments that promote sustainable environmental or social characteristics will make up at least 60% of the assets in the portfolio. These investments mean at least 20% of the fund's assets will be invested in sustainable investments with a social and/or environmental goal in accordance with the definition of the applicable Regulation (EU) 2019/2088, together with the parameters indicated previously in this document.

The fund does not use derivatives to achieve the environmental or social characteristics pursued.

See Monitoring the environmental or social characteristics Monitoring the environmental or social characteristics

Last update: 10/05/2024

To implement the investment strategy and achieve the desired environmental and social characteristics, the management team demands the following for the fixed income of private issuers and equities:

  • The companies in the portfolio must not have significant exposure to economic activities with a high negative environmental or social impact.
  • All investments considered have a minimum ESG Rating of “BBB” on a scale ranging from AAA to CCC, with AAA being the best and CCC being the worst, or equivalent depending on the scale of the chosen ESG analytics provider(s).
  • The portfolio has, in aggregate and on average, a minimum ESG Rating of “A” or equivalent depending on the scale of the chosen ESG analysis provider(s).

For public fixed income, the ESG rating of each issuer will also be taken into account and is therefore affected by the previous two points above.

Any individual investment that does not reach the minimum required rating cannot be considered as adequately promoting the environmental and social characteristics and will no longer be included in the section on “Investments adjusted for environmental or social characteristics”. In order to assess the permanence of these investments, the team will consider the compliance with the portfolio's joint minimum rating target and the minimum proportion of 60% of the equity assigned to assets of “Investments adjusted for environmental or social characteristics”.

The Fund's indicator is appropriate compliance with the environmental and social characteristics pursued by the “ESG rating” for the issuers (public or private) in which it invests.

See Methods Methods

Last update: 10/05/2024

The “ESG rating” used as an indicator is a metric prepared by independent companies, specialised in the analysis of extra-financial risks. It offers a global assessment of the previously described environmental and social characteristics. Specifically, an “ESG Rating” identifies the most relevant environmental, social and governance variables, assesses them and assigns them a weight, based on their relevance according to the sector or sub-industry to which the issuer assessed belongs. The final assessment is expressed in the form of a joint rating, although there is also the possibility of accessing individual scores for environmental, social and governance practices. The “ESG rating” is usually expressed in the form of letters or numbers depending on the provider, but in both cases the values are expressed using a level scale to identify the degree of exposure to extra-financial risks faced by the analysed issuer, and its ability to manage them. Based on this scale, it is possible to determine whether an investment has environmental, social and governance characteristics associated with a very low, low, medium, high or very high sustainability risk, and promote the selection of those that best fit the fund's goals.

With regard to fixed income, any green, social or sustainable recognitions the instrument might have are also taken into account, in addition to using the ESG rating to indicate the degree of achievement of the environmental or social characteristics pursued.

For investments made through other Collective Investment Institutions, the essential requirement is that these CIIs are classified in the same way as those of Article 8 (they will be included in the investments in the percentage that meets the promoted characteristics) or Article 9 of Regulation (EU) 2019/2088.

Bankinter Gestión de Activos only uses external providers to determine ESG ratings and therefore does not develop its own methodology for these ratings.

As regards the methodology to assess the characteristics required of “sustainable investments”, and taking into account that their regulatory definition states that:

(1) the investment must be made in an economic activity that contributes to an environmental or social goal;
(2) the investment must not significantly harm any environmental or social goal (assessed based on the DNSH principle through the aforementioned indicators) and
(3) the investee company must follow good governance practices.

Bankinter Asset Management implements its classification methodology based on supervising and tracking:

(1) net contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals, as explained in the corresponding section.
(2) favourable or unfavourable comparison, in relative terms, of the most significant metrics included in Table 1 in Annex I of Delegated Regulation (EU) 2022/1288, such as the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions, violations of the principles of the United Nations Global Compact, the absence of processes and mechanisms for tracking compliance with these principles, gender diversity on the board of directors or exposure to controversial weapons,
and
(3) verification that good governance practices are adequately complied with, through the ESG rating and analysis of controversies.

The investment process takes account of these two methodologies, and the Manager monitors their compliance on a monthly basis. Additionally, an annual report is released on the degree of achievement of the investment strategy and the environmental characteristics promoted by the Fund.

See Data sources and processing Data sources and processing

Last update: 10/05/2024

Reputable external providers provide non-financial data for the underlying assets in which the Fund invests in order to assess whether the characteristics promoted by the fund have been attained and in order assess these underlying assets using the aforementioned “ESG ratings”. Non-financial data cover all data concerning environmental, social and corporate governance issues and, as a result, also include data concerning “principal adverse impacts”.

As a result, the quality of these data hinges upon the provider chosen and whether these data are published by companies or issuers. When specific data are not published by companies or issuers, estimates may be required that may be significantly different from the figures ultimately published. Bankinter Asset Management does not produce its own estimates and instead uses estimates from its external providers. In order to ensure that the data are high quality, Bankinter Asset Management uses reputable external providers, monitoring and comparing how available and up-to-date the data provided by each of them are.

For indirect investments through CISs classified as Article 8 or 9 of Regulation (EU) 2019/88 products, data provided by their respective management companies are used.

The proportion of estimated data used from the providers, as well as from the management companies relating to investments in CISs is a tricky parameter to establish with the information currently available.

See Limitations of the methods and data Limitations of the methods and data

Last update: 10/05/2024

The methods used, and which have been described above, may present limitations and consequently may require modifications over time. The appropriate measurement of how the environmental characteristics promoted by the Fund are met may be limited by the availability and quality of the extra-financial information used to assess the ESG characteristics of the underlying assets in which it invests and/or of the asset issuers. The classification of assets as “sustainable investments” also requires a significant volume of data and assessment criteria that are not agreed upon at the European level, which can make the comparison between funds from different financial institutions complex.

To ensure that these limitations do not how the environmental characteristics promoted by the Fund are met, the Manager constantly analyses and monitors the results achieved and establishes periodic checks on the percentage of assets that meet said characteristics, as well as the percentage of sustainable investments, confirming that both percentages meet the established thresholds.

See Due diligence Due diligence

Last update: 10/05/2024

Regarding the due diligence measures for the Fund's underlying assets, the Manager has established an ex-ante control that does not allow the trading of an asset if this means that the Fund does not meet the thresholds established in section “Monitoring environmental or social characteristics".

Also, a periodic ex-post control is carried out, considering sudden drops in the ESG rating of the financial assets that make up the Fund's portfolio.

And the information provided by external providers is updated regularly to improve the coverage of the underlying assets that the Fund invests in.

See Engagement policies Engagement policies

Last update: 10/05/2024

The Management Company will monitor certain aspects of the business strategies, performance and financial and non-financial risk, capital structure, social and environmental impact and corporate governance of specific companies, to the extent it deems appropriate considering its investment strategy and the nature and size of its investment in them.

To perform this monitoring work, the Management Company may use various sources and mechanisms, e.g. the review of non-financial information, particularly as regards ESG Risks and Factors.

The Management Company interprets its fiduciary duty with respect to the unit holders of the Managed Vehicles as an effort to maximise the value of their investments in both the long and short term, in compliance with its management and administration responsibilities, not only as a shareholder but also by actively participating with the company's management.

The Management Company is aware that, through participation in the Annual General Meetings or in engagement with the companies,“” faster growth and higher profitability are possible in the long run. The Management Company believes it is possible to improve long-term profitability and generate a positive impact on sustainability by integrating sustainability risks and factors into its Managed Vehicles and the investee companies.

See Assigned benchmark index Assigned benchmark index

Last update: 10/05/2024

No specific benchmark index has been identified for establishing the Fund's environmental characteristics.